The Sambisa Forest is a timberland in Borno State, upper east Nigeria. It is in the southwestern bit of Chad Basin National Park, around 60 kilometers (37 mi) southeast of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State.
Locator Map Maiduguri-Nigeria.png
Territory of Maiduguri in Borno State
Location 60 km southeast of Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria
Coordinates 11°15′00″N 13°25′00″E
Elevation 359 meters (1,178 ft)
Forest cover Western Sudanese savannah
1.Sambisa Forest Geography
The Sambisa forest is arranged at the northeastern tip of the west Sudanian Savanna and the southern furthest reaches of the Sahel Acacia Savanna around 60 km. south east of Maiduguri the capital of the region of Borno. It has parts of the states of Borno, Yobe, Gombe, Bauchi along the foyer Darazo, Jigawa, and a couple of areas of Kano state more inaccessible north. It is managed by the Local government zones of Nigeria of Askira/Uba in the south, by Damboa in the southwest, and by Konduga and Jere in the west.
The name of the forest starts from the town of Sambisa which is on the periphery with Gwoza in the East. The Gwoza inclines in the East have apexes of 1,300 meters above sea level and edge some bit of the Mandara Mountains keep running along the Cameroon-Nigeria border.The boondocks is drained by means of infrequent streams into the Yedseram and the Ngadda Rivers.
2.Sambisa Forest Climate
The air is hot, dry and wet with minimum temperatures of around 21.5 °C among December and February, a biggest of around 48 °C in May and ordinary temperatures of around 28-29 °C. The dry season is from November to May and the wet season is among May and September/October with yearly precipitation of around 190 mm.
3.Sambisa Forest Flora
The Sambisa boondocks is one of just a modest bunch couple of woods in North Eastern Nigeria where small vegetation is the standard. Most by far of the vegetation is ordinary of the Sudanian Savanna in spite of the way that, because of human development, a couple of areas have ended up being more like the Sahel savanna. The timberland involves a mix of open backwoods and sections of uncommonly thick vegetation of short trees around two meters high and thorny supports, with a stature of 1/2-1 meter, which are difficult to penetrate.Major trees and greenery in the forested areas consolidate fat, versatile, wild dim plum, birch, date palm, mesquite, acacia, monkey bread, red bushwillow, baobab, jackalberry, tamarind and terminalia.
4.Sambisa Forest Fauna
BirdLife International declared that 62 kinds of winged animals have been recorded in the Sambisa Game Reserve, including the guinea fowl, francolin, town weaver, Abyssinian ground hornbill, Arabian bustard, Savile’s bustard, African got dove, chestnut-bellied starling, dull scour robin and the Sudan splendid sparrow. The forested areas was in like manner thought to be the last site of the ostrich in Nigeria.
17 sorts of very much developed animals were represented in 2010 in the Sambisa Game Reserve including, mandrill, patas monkey, tantalus monkey, Grimm’s duiker, red-fronted gazelle, African brier elephant, roan impala, hartebeest, African jaguar and spotted hyenas. However poaching, hacking cutting down trees for fuel, human country infiltration and the Boko Haram jihadist get-together’s activities since 2013 have decreased their numbers from that point forward. An aeronautical survey of the redirection hold in 2006 uncovered seeing only five significant wild animal species.
Sambisa Forest Sambisa Game Reserve
In the midst of the common time span, the Sambisa beguilement spare secured a scope of 2,258 km2 (872 sq mi) in the eastern bit of the woodland. Later reports put the measure of the redirection hold at 518 square kilometers, or 686 square kilometers yet some official documents consolidated the Marguba Forest Reserve in the Sambisa Game Reserve.
From 1970, the spare was used for safaris. It had a broad masses of pumas, lions, elephants, hyenas, that tourists could see from cabins or safari lodges. In 1991, the organization of the region of Borno merged this hold into the national stop of the Chad Basin. Regardless, the surrender of its organization, following the Sambisa takeover by Boko Haram guerillas in February 2013, incited the nonstop vanishing of animals, lodges fallen or were pummeled, vegetation assaulted avenues, and streams became scarce.
5.Sambisa Forest Politics
The Sambisa timberland, especially the rough region of Gwoza near the Cameroon periphery, is used as asylum by the jihadist Boko Haram assembling and is acknowledged to be the place they keep the detainees from the Chibok schoolgirls commandeering in April 2014.
In the midst of spring 2015 the Nigerian Army started an antagonistic against Boko Haram in the timberland, yet was supported off in view of watching the forested areas to be enthusiastically mined and the activists having better neighborhood information. Regardless of this, on 28 April 2015, four Boko Haram camps in the Sambisa woodlands were attack by the Nigerian military who freed around 300 young women and ladies, who were not, in any case, the missing Chibok young women. On 30 April 2015 another 13 Boko Haram camps were wrecked and 234 more women and children were professedly freed close Kawuri and Konduga.
The Nigerian Army Wednesday night 4 November 2015, said troops of 5 Brigade Task Group, killed two Boko Haram associates, in the wake with obliterating their camps at Hausari and Baranga in Marte Local Government Area of Borno State. As demonstrated by official enunciation by the military, “In tries to continually overpower recovered areas and clear all Nigerian district of Boko Haram remainders, the pushing troops of 5 Brigade Task Group have today cleared 5 more dread based oppressors camps at Hausari and Baranga in Marte Local Government Area of Borno State.”
On 18 May 2016, one of the schoolgirls grabbed from Chibok in 2014, was purportedly found by neighborhood minute men doing combating Boko Haram in the Sambisa timberland. It was moreover point by point that 218 of the young women were at the same time missing and that the found young woman ensured that beside six, said to have kicked the container, each one of them were so far held prisoner in the forested areas.