Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR (/oʊˈbɑːsəndʒoʊ/; Yoruba: Olúṣẹ́gun Ọbásanjọ́ [olúʃɛ̙́ɡũ ɒ̙básandʒɒ̙́]; conceived c. 5 May 1937) is a previous Nigerian Army general who was President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. Obasanjo was a profession officer before serving twice as his country’s head of state. He filled in as a military ruler from 13 February 1976 to 1 October 1979, and as an equitably chose president from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007. From July 2004 to January 2006, Obasanjo additionally filled in as Chairperson of the African Union.
Olusegun Obasanjo 2014.jpg
twelfth President of Nigeria
29 May 1999 – 29 May 2007
VP Atiku Abubakar
Gone before by Abdulsalami Abubakar
Prevailing by Umaru Yar’Adua
Government Minister of Petroleum Resources
fifth Head of State of Nigeria
13 February 1976 – 30 September 1979
Gone before by Gen. Murtala Mohammed
Prevailing by Shehu Shagari as first chose President of Nigeria
third Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters
29 July 1975 – 13 February 1976
Gone before by Vice-Adm. J.E.A Wey
Prevailing by Maj-Gen. S.M. Yar’Adua
Government Commissioner for Works and Housing
Individual subtle elements
Conceived 5 May 1937 (age 80)
Abeokuta, Western Region, British Nigeria
(presently Abeokuta, Ogun, Nigeria)
Political gathering PDP (1999 – Feb. 2015)
Esther Oluremi (ex)
Lynda (ex, perished)
Stella Abebe (expired)
Mojisola Adekunle (expired)
Place of graduation Mons Officer Cadet School
Nickname(s) Baba, “OBJ”
Site Official site
Nickname(s) Baba Africa
Administration/branch Nigerian Army
A long time of administration 1958– 1979
Nigerian Civil War (6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970)
Congo Crisis (5 July 1960 – 25 November 1965)
Olusegun Obasanjo was conceived on 5 May 1937 to his dad Amos Adigun Obasanjo Bankole and his mom Ashabi in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. His mom kicked the bucket in 1958 and his dad passed on in 1959. He turned into a vagrant at 22 years old.
In 1948, Obasanjo selected into Saint David Ebenezer School at Ibogun, for his grade school instruction. From 1952 to 1957, he went to Baptist Boys High School (BBHS), Abeokuta, for his optional school education.
In 1958, Olusegun Obasanjo joined the Nigerian armed force. Some of his examinations and preparing incorporates: Mons Cadet School, Aldershot, England; Royal College of Military Engineers, Chatham, England; School of Survey, Newbury, England; Indian Army School of Engineering, Poona; Royal College of Defense Studies, London.
Obasanjo served in the fifth Battalion of the Nigerian Army in Kaduna and in Cameroon in the vicinity of 1958 and 1959. He was appointed Second Lieutenant in the Nigerian Army 1959 and advanced a Lieutenant in 1960.
At the rank of Lieutenant, Obasanjo served in the Nigerian unexpected of the United Nations Force in the Congo (now Zaire) in 1960. He later joined the then just Engineering Unit of the Nigerian Army and turned into its unit officer in 1963.
In 1963, Obasanjo was elevated to the rank of skipper, in Nigerian Army. He was joined to Indian Army Engineering School, at Kirkee, India in 1965. That year he was elevated to the rank of Major.
In 1965, he went to the Defense Services Staff College Wellington, India (In a book, the 40th commemoration book on the Defense Services Staff College, Wellington, India, 1947-1987, Col. R.D. Palsokar (resigned) cited the commandant’s secret write about the then Major Obasanjo of the twentieth staff course set in 1965, as saying that he seemed to be “the best officer who was sent up till then from that nation (Nigeria) to Wellington. Palsokar additionally expressed: “He was especially prevalent in all circles).
Obasanjo was advanced lieutenant colonel in 1967, delegated administrator Second Area summon of the Nigerian Army. He was influenced Commander, To battalion, Ibadan, Nigeria, in the vicinity of 1967 and 1969.
Obasanjo’s colonel advancement came in 1969. He was selected from 1969-1970, general officer charging third Infantry Division, Nigerian Army. He was later made the officer, Third Marine Commando Division, South-Eastern State, amid the Nigerian Biafran Civil War.
On 12 January 1970, Obasanjo acknowledged the Biafran surrender finishing the Nigerian Civil War.
From 1970 to 1975, he was the Commander of the Engineering Corps, Nigerian Army. Prior in 1972, he was elevated to the rank of Brigadier general.
In January 1975 the head of state for the government republic of Nigeria, General Yakubu Gowon, made Obasanjo the Federal official for works and lodging.
On 29 July 1975, when General Murtala Mohammed took control as head of state by means of a military upset, Obasanjo was named as the head of staff preeminent central command. In January 1976 he was elevated to lieutenant general.
Following a fizzled overthrow by lieutenant colonel Dimka in which General Murtala Mohammed was executed, Obasanjo was picked as Head of state by the preeminent military committee on 13 February 1976.
Obasanjo surrendered as head of state and furthermore surrendered from the armed force on 1 October 1979, giving over energy to the recently chose non military personnel leader of Shehu Shagari.
3.Government Commissioner for Works and Housing
In January 1975, General Yakubu Gowon, designated Obasanjo as the Federal chief for works and lodging to manage the advancement of lodging, thruways, streets, spans, electrical and road lighting in the nation following the oil blast.
Head of Staff, Supreme Headquarters
In July 1975, General Murtala Mohammed took control as head of state by means of a military overthrow, Obasanjo was delegated as the head of staff incomparable home office.
Military overthrow of 13 February 1976
On 13 February 1976, overthrow plotters, drove by Army Col. Dimka, checked him, Murtala and other senior military work force for death. Murtala was murdered amid the endeavored upset, however Obasanjo got away passing. The position of safety security strategy embraced by Murtala had permitted the plotters simple access to their objectives. The overthrow was thwarted in light of the fact that the plotters missed Obasanjo and General Theophilus Danjuma, head of armed force staff and accepted number three man in the nation. The plotters neglected to corner interchanges, despite the fact that they could assume control over the radio station to report the upset endeavor.
Obasanjo and Danjuma set up a hierarchy of leadership and re-built up security in Lagos, consequently recapturing control. Obasanjo was named as head of state by the Supreme Military Council. Keeping the hierarchy of leadership set up by Murtala, Obasanjo promised to proceed with the program for the reclamation of regular citizen government in 1979 and to convey forward the change program to enhance the nature of open administration.
4.Head of State (1976-79)
Obasanjo in 1978
The military administration of Obasanjo profited from oil incomes that expanded. Expanded oil incomes allowed government spending for foundation and enhancements on an extensive scale; faultfinders thought it was half-baked and packed excessively in urban regions. The oil blast was damaged by a minor subsidence in 1978-79.
The administration intended to move the government capital from Lagos to Abuja, a more focal area in the inside of the nation. It expected to energize mechanical advancement inland and mitigate the clog in the Lagos territory. Abuja was picked on the grounds that it was not related to a specific ethnic group.
Nonetheless, as head of state, Obasanjo diminished the offer of oil sovereignties and rents to condition of beginning from 50 to 30 percent.
5.With US President Jimmy Carter in Lagos, 1978
Industrialisation, which had developed gradually after World War II through the common war, blasted in the 1970s, in spite of numerous foundation imperatives. Development was especially articulated in the generation and gathering of customer products, including vehicle get together, and the fabricate of cleanser and cleansers, soda pops, pharmaceuticals, brew, paint, and building materials. The Obasanjo government put firmly in framework, and the quantity of “parastatals” — mutually government-and exclusive organizations — multiplied. The Nigerian Enterprises Promotion declarations of 1977 further empowered the development of an indigenous white collar class.
Substantial speculation was arranged in steel generation. With Soviet help, a steel process was produced at Ajaokuta in Kogi State, not a long way from Abuja. Horticulture and related ventures by and large declined, despite the fact that the administration attempted vast scale water system extends in the conditions of Borno, Kano, Sokoto, and Bauchi with World Bank support.
Obasanjo and Jimmy Carter, US President
The oil blast incomes prompted an ascent in per capita pay, particularly for the recently developing urban white collar class. Swelling, especially in the cost of sustenance, advanced both industrialisation and the developm
ent of agrarian creation. With the legislature empowering nourishment trims, the conventional fare workers — peanuts, cotton, cocoa, and palm items — declined in centrality and after that stopped to be critical by any stretch of the imagination. Nigeria’s fares ended up plainly ruled by oil.
Training likewise extended under Obasanjo. Toward the begin of the common war, there were just five colleges, yet by 1975 the number had expanded to thirteen, with seven more to be built up finished the following quite a while. In 1975 there were 53,000 college understudies. Comparable advances were made in the development in essential and optional school training, especially in those northern expresses that had falled behind others. Amid Obasanjo’s administration, all inclusive grade school instruction was presented nationwide.